Geneva Motor Show Veyron

Bugatti Reveals Last Veyron

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For the world premier of the last Bugatti Veyron, the Grand Sport Vitesse “La Finale” reflects the first Veyron to roll off the production line. While both cars she a red and black color scheme, the exposed red carbon fiber sets the 450th Veyron apart from its predecessors, while the black counterpart is also an exposed carbon fiber homage to the vehicles cutting edge construction.

Last-Bugatti-Veyron-030215-(14)

For the first time in a Veyron, the air scoops and intercooler have been painted black to keep the color theme consistent throughout the car. Unlike most Grand Sport Vitesses, the name has been incorporated in the exterior styling with “La Finale” appearing under the right front headlight and in a concealed spot on the underside of the rear wing. The EB and 16.4 logo have also been embolized in red. As a special homage to Bugatti’s distant past, the sculpture of the Bugatti elephant that appeared as a radiator cap ornament on the Type 41 Royale also appears within the cabin and on the hubcaps, milled from a single piece of aluminum.

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Inside, La Finale is completely upholstered in leather in a light beige color known as “Silk.” Contrasting with this light color is the red “Hot Spur” color, found on the arm rests, instrument panel, dashboard, side bolsters and steering wheel rim.

While the Veyron is officially now out of production, we look forward. In the press release, Bugatti states that they are “already working on the sequel to its recent success story, with development of its next model well underway.” More details can be found in the press release below.

View the Press Release

Geneva International Motor Show 2015: Bugatti celebrates the Veyron

World première of the 450th and final Veyron,

the Grand Sport Vitesse “La Finale”

 Bugatti President Wolfgang Dürheimer: “As the most powerful and fastest

production supercar in the world, the Veyron is the benchmark”

 All 450 Veyrons have been sold, marking an important milestone for

Bugatti

 The first and 450th Veyron will be on display together at the Geneva

International Motor Show

 

Molsheim/Geneva, 2 March 2015. The curtain rises on an icon! At the Geneva International Motor Show, Bugatti is celebrating the Veyron, the fastest production supercar in the world whose performance has captivated legions of fans around the world since its launch ten years ago. The Veyron is limited to 450 units, which have now all been sold. The world première of the final Veyron in Geneva will mark the culmination of an unprecedented chapter in automotive history. Bugatti will showcase the Veyron 16.4 Grand Sport Vitesse “La Finale” with chassis number 450 alongside chassis number one of the Veyron 16.4 which rolled out of the company’s factory in Molsheim ten years go and heralded the start of the Veyron’s success story.

 

“The Bugatti Veyron has shown that our engineers are capable of achieving a previously

unimagined level of technical excellence, thereby opening up whole new dimensions in the

automotive sector,” says Wolfgang Dürheimer, President of Bugatti Automobiles S.A.S. “The

Veyron is justifiably at the head of the field.”

“As the most powerful and fastest production supercar in the world, the Veyron is a true

benchmark,” continues Dürheimer. “With a world record speed of 431.072 km/h, it has become

an icon of longitudinal dynamics.”

The development of the Bugatti Veyron represented one of the greatest technical and

engineering challenges ever overcome in the automotive history. At the time, Bugatti

developers were faced with four key specifications: the car had to transfer more than 1,000 PS

onto the road, achieve a top speed in excess of 400 km/h, accelerate from 0 to 100 km/h in less

than three seconds and – the biggest challenge of all – still be suitable for ‘driving to the opera’

in comfort and style.

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In addition to its stunning performance, it is this everyday practicality and suitability for

comfortable, luxurious travel which makes the Veyron so unique, and which sets it apart from

all other supercars and hyper cars on the market.

This combination has proven to be a recipe for success. All of the planned 450 vehicles have

now been sold: 300 coupés and 150 open-top super sports cars.

“So far no other carmaker has managed to successfully market a product that stands for unique

top-class technical performance and pure luxury in a comparable price/volume range,” says

Wolfgang Dürheimer. “This is an incredible success for Bugatti.”

Not only is the Veyron the epitome of premium performance and speed, it is also a prime

example of timeless automotive design. The Veyron is an automotive piece of art featuring

unique lines that are heavily influenced by the traditional design DNA of the Bugatti brand.

“The Veyron is a showcase for technology, design and art – in keeping with the Bugatti brand’s

values of ’Art, Forme, Technique’”, Dürheimer says. Bugatti’s customers are as unique as its

vehicles. “The Veyron has created an entirely new customer base for an automotive brand.”

“Alongside the certainty of owning the world’s fastest production sports car with a high degree

of individual exclusivity, Bugatti customers appreciate that, by purchasing a Veyron, they

become part of the history of an automobile brand that is steeped in tradition,” says the Bugatti

President. “Many vehicles therefore find their way into private collections and are purchased as

an investment by automotive connoisseurs.”

When it came to equipping the 450 Veyron sports cars, Bugatti did everything to fulfil

customers’ wishes. For example, the body finish featuring clear-lacquered exposed carbon fibre

was particularly popular. Bugatti currently supplies this finish in eight colours – more than any

other manufacturer and in a quality that no other company can achieve. In addition, the French

luxury brand offers over 100 different colours for the painted finishes on the carbon fibre

bodies. The vehicles also feature a wide range of luxurious materials that were uncommon in

the automotive field, such as porcelain, crystal, special types of leather and wood, gold and

platinum. Each Bugatti configured by a customer is unique. Including options, the average price

of the vehicles recently sold is €2.3 million.

It goes without saying that Bugatti is already working on the sequel to its recent success story,

with development of its next model well underway. “With the next Bugatti model, we are aiming

to consolidate and expand the market-leading position we have established with the Veyron,”

the Bugatti President explains. “Our challenge is to make the best even better.”

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The 450th Veyron: Grand Sport Vitesse “La Finale”

The last of the 450 Veyron supercars is the Veyron 16.4 Grand Sport Vitesse “La Finale”. It

draws its sheer force from a 1,200 PS, 8-litre, W16 engine which provides a breathtaking

maximum torque of 1,500 Nm. It sprints from zero to 100 km/h in just 2.6 seconds and can

achieve a top speed of 410 km/h.

The “La Finale” design is a modern homage to chassis number 1

“When designing the “La Finale”, the designers sought inspiration from the first Veyron in order

to provide a visual conclusion to the success story of this super sports car,” says Bugatti’s chief

designer Achim Anscheidt. “Although both vehicles have a black and red colour scheme,

chassis numbers one and 450 still have their own individual character which we have identified

visually. Ultimately, every Veyron is unique.” The owner of the Grand Sport Vitesse “La Finale”

also had a say in the design of the vehicle.

Première for red exposed carbon fibre

The design of the carbon bodywork of “La Finale” is based on chassis number one which was

designed ten years ago in the traditional Bugatti two-tone colour scheme, which was popular in

Bugatti models of the 1920s and 1930s. This striking design language remains inseparable

from the Veyron to this day. For the “La Finale”, the front wing panels, the doors and the areas

between the doors and the side air intakes, known as “medallions” in French, are made from

black exposed carbon fibre. The other parts of the outer shell are made from red exposed

carbon fibre, the first time this colour has ever been used on a vehicle. Including this new

colour, Bugatti now offers a total of eight different tints for exposed carbon fibre. The French

luxury brand is an industry leader in terms of not only the diversity of the colour schemes it

offers, but also in relation to the quality and processing of the exposed carbon fibre.

Unusually for a Veyron, the name of the Grand Sport Vitesse has been incorporated into the

outer shell. The “La Finale” lettering, which highlights the extra significance of this particular

super sports car, appears twice: once very clearly under the right front headlight and then in a

slightly concealed position on the underside of the rear wing. In both cases, the bright “Italian

Red” lettering is painted into the black exposed carbon fibre.

For the first time in a Veyron, the air scoops and intercooler cover have been painted black.

The EB logo and the relief “16.4” have also been emblazoned on it in Italian Red.

The wheel design is also in keeping with the red and black colour scheme. It is worth

mentioning the hubcaps that were milled from a single block of aluminium – another example of

the tremendous lengths that Bugatti goes to in the production of its vehicles. And that’s not all:

each hubcap features a relief of the famous Bugatti elephant that was created during the milling

process and then painted black. Rembrandt Bugatti, renowned sculptor and brother of

company founder Ettore, designed this figure which was later used as a radiator cap on the

Type 41 Royale and subsequently became a symbol of the brand. The elephant can also be

found on the red fuel tank cover and oil cap as a black anodised insert made from milled

aluminium.

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An interior of strong, sophisticated contrasts

As with the exterior, the interior of the “La Finale” also pays tribute to the first Veyron. It was

upholstered entirely in leather in a light beige colour known as “Silk”. Leather also adds a

refined touch to the interior of the “La Finale”, where it features in the centre seat panels, the

footwell, the headliner, the cowling and the rear wall. Unlike chassis number one, the designers

and the customer have settled on contrasting colours for chassis number 450, selecting a

striking red tone known as “Hot Spur”. This red appears in the arm rests, the instrument panel,

the dashboard, the side bolsters and on the steering wheel rim, which is also decorated with

stitching in “Silk” beige.

Red exposed carbon fibre is also used in the interior: on the centre tunnel, on the inserts in the

centre console, on the door panels and seat shells.

The red head restraints are adorned with “La Finale” lettering embroidered in “Silk” colour. The

lettering is found again in “Italian Red” in the door sill strips, etched into the black exposed

carbon fibre.

The jewel in the interior is undoubtedly the Bugatti elephant on the stowage compartment cover

made from red exposed carbon fibre and located in the rear panel between the seats. The

elephant was cast in bronze with great technical skill, given a black patina, and then worked

into the cover as an insert. The lettering “450/450” has been painted in black under the bronze

cast.

The Geneva International Motor Show will be staged from 5 to 15 March 2015 at the Palexpo

exhibition centre in Geneva. The Bugatti exhibit is in hall 1.

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The impossible made possible

The Bugatti Veyron – a technical masterpiece

When the Bugatti Veyron was first announced at the end of the nineties, many people were

sceptical that the basic parameters could ever work. With more than 1,000 PS, a top speed in

excess of 400 km/h, acceleration from nought to one hundred in less than three seconds, the

doubters thought it simply impossible to produce a super sports car with this level of

performance while remaining controllable and drivable. But that’s not all. Bugatti had set the bar

even higher with its intention to produce a comfortable road car that was suitable for everyday

use.

The development of the Veyron was one of the most significant technical challenges ever

undertaken by the automotive industry. Bugatti engineers had to push the limits of physics and

do things that had never been done before in automotive development.

Structure and materials. Very few parts, components or systems from existing vehicle

concepts could be used in the Veyron. Everything had to be developed from scratch to achieve

the required performance before being incorporated into the vehicle. When creating the Veyron,

designers regularly drew inspiration from other industries which required extreme speeds and

demanded extreme stress loads from materials and systems.

One key objective in the development of this exceptional vehicle was to achieve maximum

longitudinal and lateral dynamics combined with optimum safety for the driver and front

passenger. To do so, the Bugatti development team came up with a winning combination of

rigidity and lightweight construction for use in the fastest roadster in the world.

Bugatti selected materials with optimum characteristics for each area of the Veyron, designed

specifically to cope with the relevant loads. Criteria included lightness, tensile strength,

formability, heat resistance, and non-splintering.

The passenger compartment of the Veyron consists of extremely strong yet feather-light carbon

fibre. Like a Formula 1 racing car, it is designed as a monocoque and weighs around 110

pounds. The rear of the monocoque contains a cavity modelled to house the 100-litre fuel tank.

This central vehicle structure is completed by a fixed, highly complex frame structure at the

front and rear. The torsional rigidity from axis to axis is approximately 45,000 Nm per degree,

almost double that found in modern production sports cars. This excellent structural rigidity

ensures extremely precise driving performance in bends, with excellent stability under braking

and acceleration.

The engine and gearbox assembly and the supporting frame for the rear of the vehicle are

mounted with carbon fibre brackets manufactured using a resin infiltration process. These

components must endure continuous temperatures of up to 170 degrees due to their proximity

to the exhaust system and turbochargers. Bugatti developed these new heat-resistant materials

and production methods especially for the Veyron and thus for the automotive industry. Both

have since found their way into the aviation industry.

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The front end of the Veyron is firmly connected to the front of the monocoque and consists of a

34 kg lightweight aluminium frame structure which essentially performs two functions. Firstly, it

holds the front end components including the front axle differential, the cooling packages,

steering system and the battery. Secondly, the front end also acts as a crash structure that is

designed to deform and absorb kinetic energy in the event of an accident.

Torsion-resistant and lightweight upper longitudinal members made from carbon fibre are

mounted at the rear of the monocoque. A carbon fibre cross member bolted to the two

longitudinal members forms the rear end of the frame structure.

Titanium was the first choice for the bolts used to connect the three parts of the vehicle – the

front end, monocoque and rear chassis. The advantage of titanium bolts over steel screw bolts

is that they provide maximum strength but weigh less, a feature that Bugatti drew from the

aviation industry. The Veyron was the first production car in the automotive industry to use

titanium bolts. It was also Bugatti that subjected these bolts to continuous load testing to ensure

that they could be used in a vehicle.

Carbon fibre plays an important role in the Veyron due to its properties, which have been

developed to withstand extreme loads, but also for aesthetic reasons. Bugatti is the market

leader in exposed carbon fibre. No other manufacturer in the automotive industry manages to

produce exposed carbon fibre of such immaculate quality. Material authenticity is the defining

principle – everything is genuine, there is no overlamination. The carbon mats are grouped and

superimposed by hand and with a keen eye for precision to ensure perfect, symmetrical

alignment of the fibres on the vehicle body and other components. Up to twelve layers of

lacquer and paint are then applied by hand, resulting in clear-coated carbon fibre with

unparalleled colour depth and brilliance. Bugatti currently offers eight colours: blue, grey, black,

green, brown, purple, turquoise, and now also red. No other manufacturer offers this range of

colours. Exposed carbon fibre has since become an extremely popular option amongst Bugatti

customers. Bugatti has also transferred this expertise to other Group brands for small series

vehicles and certain customised options.

Engine. The heart and soul of the Veyron is the 8-litre W16 engine with four turbochargers,

which initially generated 1,001 PS, and an incredible 1,200 PS in later models. The 16-cylinder

mid-engine is 710 mm in length, no longer than a conventional V12 engine, and weighs just

490 kg due to its lightweight construction, despite its output. The engine is fully capable of

operating under a continuous full load, a feat that engines designed for use in motor racing

cannot achieve.

Its compact dimensions are due to the unique arrangement of its cylinder banks in a W

configuration. Two VR8 blocks, each with a 15-degree bank angle, are joined in the crankcase

to form one engine. Both eight cylinders are set at an angle of 90 degrees to each other and

are aspirated by a total of four exhaust gas turbochargers.

The Bugatti development team created a hugely complex drive unit in order to convert the

power output of the 64-valve engine into driving dynamics suitable for both everyday traffic and

7 BUGATTI

the race track. If the extreme engine power alone is an ingenious masterpiece, transferring it to

the road was an equally demanding challenge.

Development work focussed on the engine’s extremely high performance, in addition to its

unique compact nature. Lightweight materials are used that not only result in a low power-toweight

ratio, but also provide a spontaneous response from the moving masses inside the

engine. In addition to titanium piston rods, known as “easy runners”, the eight-stage oil pump

integrated into the crankcase for dry sump lubrication has light aluminium gears. Only a small

mass flywheel is required as the layout of the 16-cylinder engine already ensures smooth

running. The use of motor sport technology is evident not only in the plasma-coated cylinder

running faces, but also in the use of high-strength steel for the shafts and gears in the

aluminium crankcase.

Gearbox. The Veyron is equipped with the dual-clutch gearbox (DSG), which is the fastest

gearbox in the world. Bugatti was the first manufacturer to use a seven-speed variant of the

DSG. Designed specially for the new sports car, this gearbox has a job which any other

gearbox would baulk at, i.e. to transfer engine torque of up to 1,500 Nm to the road surface.

At the time, the dual-clutch transmission used in the Veyron was a unique combination of the

dynamic advantages of a manual gearbox with the convenience functions of automatic

transmission. When it was developed, no other manufacturer outside of Volkswagen AG was

using comparable gearbox technology.

Adaptive boost-pressure fuel injection. In a high-performance vehicle such as the Veyron, it

is essential that the engine is always supplied with constant fuel pressure. This also required a

new development, and so Bugatti invented three-phase injection pumps which, unlike

conventional plus/minus polarised pumps, are able to supply the engine with the required

amounts of fuel continuously at a constant pressure.

The fuel tank also had to be redesigned. Bugatti turned to the world of motorsport but had to

rebuild the conventional fuel tank used in racing, which is not permitted for road vehicles, to

ensure that it would be approved. Bugatti consulted engineers in the aerospace industry, and

the outcome was a fuel tank with an external Teflon coating which provides the fuel pump with

a constant supply of fuel in every situation, up to a residual capacity of three litres and

maximum lateral acceleration of 1.4 g.

Cooling. Cooling is an extremely important aspect of the Veyron. Sophisticated airflow patterns

were devised to conduct sufficient cooling air to the vehicle’s radiators and extract hot air

without compromising the vehicle design – a key consideration.

During combustion, some 2,400 PS of additional heat is generated for every 1,200 PS of drive

power. To cope with this, the Bugatti engine has two water circuits. The larger circuit contains

40 litres of coolant water in three coolers in the front section of the vehicle to keep the engine at

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operating temperature. The second, a low-temperature circuit with a separate water pump,

contains 20 litres of coolant water. This system cools the charged air and helps to prevent the

car from overheating in slow traffic, which is a common problem in high-performance sports

cars.

Tyres. For the Veyron, Bugatti worked in partnership with Michelin to develop the world’s first

mass-produced tyre that can withstand speeds in the region of 400 km/h. The production tyres

can be used in all speed ranges, which means that the Veyron does not require a different set

of tyres when being driven at maximum speed. This was an important criterion which the

developers had to fulfill in relation to the vehicle’s everyday practicality.

One exciting detail of tyre development is the new tyre pressure sensor that had to be

developed for the Veyron. Centrifugal forces of up to 130 kg are generated at speeds in excess

of 400 km/h. This required extensive tests on a test stand used for aircraft gas turbines in order

to simulate the high speeds of the Veyron wheels. At the time, this kind of system was not

available in the automotive industry.

Brakes. Bugatti developed a high-performance braking system featuring unique components in

order to control powerful forces effectively and bring the vehicle to a halt safely and quickly.

Certain components were designed in conjunction with development partners from the

aerospace industry.

Experiencing the Bugatti’s braking system in action is just as much of a thrill as the

acceleration. Combined with the simultaneous application of the air brake, an aerodynamic

braking function integrated into the rear wing, the Veyron generates deceleration values not

encountered in any other production car.

The braking forces are distributed to a maximum of sixty percent on the front axle and forty

percent to the rear axle.

Bugatti chose carbon-ceramic brake discs as the preferred material, the first time a company in

the Volkswagen Group had done so, in order to achieve maximum braking performance and to

withstand brake disc surface temperatures of 1,000 degrees. The relatively low material weight

also greatly reduces unwanted impact on the steering. Titanium was used for the brake disc

hub instead of the usual stainless steel. As a result, the Veyron had by far the strongest braking

performance in the automotive industry and motorsport at the time.

The carbon disc brakes at the front are 400 millimetres in diameter (rear: 380 mm). An

extremely rigid eight-piston monoblock caliper unit with four pads each, reinforced with a

central bar and weighing just 5.7 kg, is used.

Variable aerodynamics. The Veyron’s design is an outstanding feature, which clearly sets the

super sports car apart from other high-performance vehicles in the automotive industry. The

shape and style of the Veyron are strongly based on the historical design DNA of the brand.

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The strict requirement to stick to the design of the car did not always make life easy for the

developers, and this was also the case in relation to the aerodynamics, which are clearly an

essential element of a supercar.

The most important technical element on the Veyron, which solves the contradiction between

design and aerodynamics, is the rear wing. At speeds above 200 km/h it provides additional

optimisation of braking performance. The wing flips up to an angle of 55 degrees in less than

0.4 seconds, with important consequences. Firstly, it increases the rear downforce, thereby

improving the distribution of braking power between the front and rear axles. Secondly, it

increases the air resistance, as when an aircraft is landing. At high speeds, the air brake alone

causes deceleration of up to 0.6 g. It is activated via the brake pressure. With standard tyres on

appropriate road surfaces, the wheel brakes generate deceleration values of around 1.4 g. The

Veyron can brake to a complete standstill from 400 km/h in under ten seconds.

Never before in automotive history did engineers have to set up a sports car for use on public

roads, while being capable of the same ease and security of handling across such a wide range

of speeds. The Bugatti team faced a major challenge when it came to maintaining a balance

between what amounted to three aerodynamic requirement profiles. Firstly, the bodywork had

to have minimum air resistance to ensure that it could still achieve extreme acceleration values

in excess of 200 km/h and reach a maximum speed of more than 400 km/h. Secondly, the

downforce conditions on the front and rear axles over the entire speed range had to be so

sophisticated that the fastest production super car in the world would be as smooth as possible

on the road. And thirdly, it was expected that all the extremely tightly-packed high-performance

cooling units under the outer shell would be supplied with optimum airflow at all times.

The aerodynamic management of the Veyron is a fascinating high-tech solution that is

unparalleled in contemporary automotive engineering. A computer-controlled central hydraulic

system is the heart of the regulatory framework. It regulates the ground clearance of the allwheel

drive Veyron, using three speed-dependent levels. A front diffuser flap is installed on

both sides of the underbody to increase the downforce. Both of these flaps open and close with

the help of two hydraulic cylinders. The downforce at the rear is regulated by a diffuser in the

underbody and by the rear spoiler.

Verdict. The Veyron’s incredible performance statistics have powered the automotive industry

into new dimensions. In the process, Bugatti developed completely new technical solutions,

some of which have found their way into other brands within the Group and beyond, and have

even been used in other industries.

The Veyron is the first and only super sports car designed and built to handle any driving

situation at any time in its production configuration. Where other super sports cars and hyper

cars require special preparation for individual driving situations, the Veyron automatically

adjusts its settings at lightning speed without any input from the driver. It can set itself up for

maximum acceleration on long straights, twisty country roads or city traffic, ensuring that the

Veyron always has an optimum setup to provide a comfortable ride.

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The Veyron 16.4 was launched in 2005 and provided impressive evidence of just what Bugatti

developers had achieved. This marked the beginning of a great success story, which continued

in 2008 with the launch of the open version – the Veyron 16.4 Grand Sport with 1,001 PS. In

2010, the Veyron 16.4 Super Sport with increased power of 1,200 PS was launched and was

then joined by the roadster version, the Veyron 16.4 Grand Sport Vitesse, in 2012.

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(Soruce: Bugatti)

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